Glossario

MICROWORK is a series of small tasks which together comprise a large unified project, and are completed by many people over the Internet.[1][2] Microwork is considered the smallest unit of work in a virtual assembly line.[3] It is most often used to describe tasks for which no efficient algorithm has been devised, and require human intelligence to complete reliably. The term was developed in 2008 by Leila Chirayath Janah of Samasource.[4][5]

Home Work Convention è una Convenzione della International Labour Organization (ILO), firmata nel 1996 ed entrata in vigore nel 2000. La Convenzione tutela i lavoratori che operano dalle proprie abitazioni.La convenzione fornisce diritti e tutele ai telelavoratori, stabilendo pari diritti in materia di sicurezza e salute sul luogo di lavoro (tenuto conto delle caratteristiche del telelavoro), sicurezza sociale, retribuzione, età minima di impiego, tutela della maternità, formazione, libertà sindacale.[1]. Prevede che gli Stati adottino un sistema di ispezioni nei luoghi domestici.

Telecommuting is a work arrangement in which employees do not commute to a central place of work. A person who telecommutes is known as a “telecommuter,” “teleworker,” and sometimes as a “home-sourced,” or “work-at-home” employee. Many telecommuters work from home, while others, sometimes called “nomad workers,” use mobile telecommunications technology to work from coffee shops or other locations. According to aReuters poll, approximately “one in five workers around the globe, particularly employees in the Middle East, Latin America and Asia, telecommute frequently and nearly 10 percent work from home every day.”[3] Today, as annual leave or vacation is seen as absence from the workplace rather than ceasing work, telecommuting is used by office employees to work while on vacation.